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Obstetrics Antenatal Care Treatment in Bharatpur
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What is Obstetrics?
Antenatal care is the care you receive from healthcare professionals during your pregnancy. This care can be provided by a team that can include a doctor, a midwife, and usually with a doctor who specialises in pregnancy and birth (an obstetrician). The person providing the care can depend on where you live e.g in some rural areas all care including delivery is provided by the doctor.
Functions of an obstetrician
Gynecologists and obstetricians both deal with the wellbeing of females and obstetricians especially deal with pregnant mothers. The procedures and functions that they perform include:-
- Normal delivery and performing essential assisting steps. Obstetricians are responsible for working in collaboration with midwives to monitor and assist normal delivery in a woman during labour.
- Their functions include facilitating delivery by performing episiotomy that involves placing strategic cuts over the perineum of the pregnant mother to enlarge the birth canal.
- Sometimes prolonged labour might require assistance to speed up the process in order to reduce maternal fatigue and fetal distress (rising heart rate and possible brain damage to the baby). This uses techniques like forceps delivery and vacuum assisted delivery.
- Caesarean (or C) section that requires surgical removal of the baby from the mother’s womb to reduce the complications that arise during labour. These complications in turn may cause death or damage to the newborn unless delivery is expedited with C section.
- Diagnosis and treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized ovum gets implanted in any place other than the womb. Commonly it gets implanted in the fallopian tubes.
What conditions do obstetricians treat?
Women usually first see obstetricians for routine prenatal care. The initial appointment typically occurs approximately eight weeks after your last menstrual period. You’ll then see the doctor approximately once a month throughout the duration of your pregnancy.
Obstetricians also treat women with high-risk pregnancy both during and after pregnancy:
You may have a high-risk pregnancy if you’re pregnant and you:
- have a chronic health condition
- are over age 35
- are carrying multiple babies
- have a history of miscarriage, preterm labor, or cesarean delivery
- engage in certain lifestyle choices, such as smoking and drinking
- develop certain complications during pregnancy that affect you or baby
Obstetricians also treat:
- ectopic pregnancy
- fetal distress
- preeclampsia, which is characterized by high blood pressure
- placental abruption, or when the placenta detaches from the uterus
- shoulder dystocia, or when a baby’s shoulders get stuck during childbirth
- uterine rupture
- prolapsed cord, or when the umbilical cord becomes trapped during delivery
- obstetrical hemorrhage
- sepsis, which is a life-threatening infection